|Experimental Pressure Distribution on Fuselage Nose and Pilot Canopy of Supersonic Airplane at Mach Number 1.90 - Wyatt, DeMarquis D|
An investigation of the pressure distribution on the fuselage nose and the pilot canopy of a supersonic airplane model has been conducted at a Mach number of 1.90 over a wide range of angles of attack and yaw. Boundary layer separation apparently occurred from the upper surface at angles of attack above 24 degrees and from the lower surface at minus 15 degrees. No separation from the sides of the fuselage was evident at yaw angles up to 12 degrees.
Keywords: SPACE STATIONS; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; MEDICAL SERVICES; MEDICAL EQUIPMENT; SURGERY; SPACECREWS
|Toxic gaseous substances liberated from human feces during storage - Kustov, V. V., et al|
Toxic gaseous substances liberated from human feces during storage
Keywords: COMPOSITION (PROPERTY); DIETS; SPACECREWS; FORMULAS (MATHEMATICS); SPACE FLIGHT FEEDING
|Study of sleep characteristics under conditions of simulated manned space flight - Myasnikov, V. I|
Spacecrew sleep characteristics under conditions of simulated manned space flight
Keywords: MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; PHYSIOLOGY; SLEEP; SPACECREWS; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; PHYSIOLOGY; SLEEP; SPACECREW
|Water Vapor Tracers as Diagnostics of the Regional Hydrologic Cycle - Bosilovich, Michael G.|
Numerous studies suggest that local feedback of evaporation on precipitation, or recycling, is a significant source of water for precipitation. Quantitative results on the exact amount of recycling have been difficult to obtain in view of the inherent limitations of diagnostic recycling calculations. The current study describes a calculation of the amount of local and remote sources of water for precipitation, based on the implementation of passive constituent tracers of water vapor (termed wate...
Keywords: INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; MICROGRAVITY; SPACECREWS; HYGIENE; CLEANLINESS; BATHING; SKYLAB PROGRAM; MIR SPACE STATION; ASTRONAUTS
|ESTIMATES OF THE INTENSITY OF TURBULENCE IN THE ATMOSPHERES OF MARS AND VENUS - GOLITSYN, G. S.|
THE LEVELS OF VELOCITY, TEMPERATURE AND REFRACTIVE INDEX FLUCTUATIONS ARE ESTIMATED FOR THE ATMOSPHERES OF MARS AND VENUS ON THE BASIS OF FREE-CONVECTION AND DYNAMIC MODELS. THE FIRST MODEL PROVIDES THE AVERAGE TURBULENCE DISSIPATION RATE AND THE RATE OF EQUALIZATION OF TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS BY ASSUMING THAT THE LOWER PORTION OF THE ATMOSPHERE IS SUBJECT TO CONVECTIVE MIXING. THE SECOND MODEL IS BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF THE GLOBAL INFLUX OF SOLAR ENERGY, WITH AN ESTIMATE OF THE PORTION THAT IS CO...
Keywords: RECYCLING; SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS; SPACECREWS; WATER TREATMENT; DECONTAMINATION; FILTRATION; HUMAN WASTES; POTABLE WATER
|Forward exit cone LDI interface testing and analysis - Kelley, Peggy R|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: MISSION PLANNING; PUBLIC RELATIONS; SPACE SHUTTLES; SPACE TRANSPORTATION; SPACECREWS; FLIGHT PLANS; INFORMATION DISSEMINATION; SPACEBORNE EXPERIMENTS
|Application of heuristic satellite plan synthesis algorithms to requirements of the WARC-88 allotment plan - Heyward, Ann O.|
Creation of an Allotment Plan for the Fixed Satellite Service at the 1988 Space World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) represented a complex satellite plan synthesis problem, involving a large number of planned and existing systems. Solutions to this problem at WARC-88 required the use of both automated and manual procedures to develop an acceptable set of system positions. Development of an Allotment Plan may also be attempted through solution of an optimization problem, known as the Sate...
Keywords: CREW PROCEDURES (INFLIGHT); PAYLOAD INTEGRATION; SCHEDULING; SPACECREWS; TASK COMPLEXITY; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; ITERATION; SPACE MISSIONS; SPACELAB
|Planar Particle Imaging and Doppler Velocimetry System and Method - NON|
A planar velocity measurement system (100) is operative to measure all three velocity components of a flowing fluid (106) across an illuminated plane (108) using only a single line of sight. The fluid flow is seeded with small particles which accurately follow the flow field fluctuations. The seeded flow field is illuminated with pulsed laser light source (102) and the positions of the particles in the flow are recorded on CCD cameras (122,124)...
Keywords: COLUMBIA (ORBITER); INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; PILOTLESS AIRCRAFT; COLLISION AVOIDANCE; MARS EXPLORATION; MANAGEMENT; SPACECREWS; SOYUZ SPACECRAFT; PHOTOGRAPHY
|Dynamics of Active Separation Control at High Reynolds Numbers - Pack, LaTunia G.|
A series of active flow control experiments were recently conducted at high Reynolds numbers on a generic separated configuration. The model simulates the upper surface of a 20% thick Glauert-Goldschmied type airfoil at zero angle of attack. The flow is fully turbulent since the tunnel sidewall boundary layer flows over the model. The main motivation for the experiments is to generate a comprehensive data base for validation of unsteady numerical simulation as a first step in the development of ...
Keywords: RADIATION DAMAGE; MANNED SPACECRAFT; SPACECREWS; MAGNETIC ANOMALIES; GEOMAGNETISM; CONTOURS; LOW EARTH ORBITS; SECULAR VARIATIONS
|COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE HEAT TRANSFER OF A NOZZLE BLADE PROFILE IN A WIND TUNNEL AND IN AN AIR TURBINE - DYBAN, Y. P.|
AN INVESTIGATION WAS MADE OF THE LOCAL AND MEAN HEAT REMOVAL FROM A TEXTOLITE NOZZLE BLADE IN A WIND TUNNEL WITH A THERMAL COUNTER-CURRENT, AND IN THE SECOND CASCADE OF AN AIR TURBINE. PERMALLOY STRIPS WITH WIRES GLUED ON THE NOZZLE BLADE WERE HEATED BY A DC CURRENT DURING THE TESTS. THE FLOW TURBULENCE LEVEL WAS MARKEDLY HIGHER BEHIND THE ROTOR OF AN AIR TURBINE THAN IN A TYPICAL WIND TUNNEL. THE MEAN HEAT REMOVAL COEFFICIENT INCREASED WITH INCREASING REYNOLDS NUMBER...
Keywords: FLIGHT SAFETY; PAYLOADS; SPACE SHUTTLES; SPACECRAFT DESIGN; SPACECREWS; COST REDUCTION; PROJECT MANAGEMENT; SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
|TEST STANDS FOR STUDYING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES UNDER SIMULATED SPACE CONDITIONS - PATON, B. Y.|
A REVIEW WAS MADE OF EQUIPMENT DESIGNED FOR USE IN EXPERIMENTS WITH TECHNOLOGICAL OPERATIONS ON BOARD SPACECRAFT DURING SOVIET MANNED SPACE MISSIONS. EXPERIMENTS WITH MOLTEN METAL ON SOYUZ 6 IN OCTOBER 1969 ARE INDICATED AS AN EXAMPLE OF SUCH OPERATIONS. PARTICULAR ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO THE DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN SIMULATION OF THE VARIOUS ADVERSE FORCES AND FACTORS WHICH MUST BE DEALT WITH AND COUNTERACTED DURING THE PERFORMANCE OF INDUSTRIAL WORK IN A SPACE ENVIRONMENT...
Keywords: ASTRONAUTS; EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; ORBITAL WORKERS; WALKING; ASTRONAUT MANEUVERING EQUIPMENT; RESCUE OPERATIONS; SPACE MAINTENANCE; SPACE STATIONS; SPACECREWS
|Project Apollo Quarterly status report, period ending 30 Jun. 1963 - NON|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: APOLLO PROJECT; ASTRONAUT TRAINING; EDUCATION; MISSION PLANNING; PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT; PROJECT MANAGEMENT; SPACECREWS; TRAINING SIMULATORS
|Lunar landing site constraints - The arguments for and against one preselected site versus serveral sites - Thompson, W. B|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: ASTRONOMY; MISSION PLANNING; SPACE STATIONS; MANNED ORBITAL LABORATORIES; ONBOARD EQUIPMENT; SPACECREWS
|The problem of establishing tolerable doses of ionizing radiation for crew members of spacecrafts - Domshlak, M. P.|
Tolerable dosages of ionizing radiation for crew members of spacecrafts
Keywords: CREWS; DOSAGE; IONIZING RADIATION; SPACECREWS; TOLERANCES (PHYSIOLOGY); IONIZING RADIATION; RADIATION DOSE; SPACECREW; TOLERANCE /BIOL/
|Computer graphics application in the engineering design integration system - Glatt, C. R.|
The computer graphics aspect of the Engineering Design Integration (EDIN) system and its application to design problems were discussed. Three basic types of computer graphics may be used with the EDIN system for the evaluation of aerospace vehicles preliminary designs: offline graphics systems using vellum-inking or photographic processes, online graphics systems characterized by direct coupled low cost storage tube terminals with limited interactive capabilities, and a minicomputer based refres...
Keywords: COMPATIBILITY; INTERPLANETARY FLIGHT; SPACECREWS; PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS; SENSORY DEPRIVATION; SOCIAL ISOLATION; WEIGHTLESSNESS; WORK-REST CYCLE
|Wave Journal Bearings Under Dynamic Loads - Hendricks, Robert C.|
The dynamic behavior of the wave journal bearing was determined by running a three-wave bearing with an eccentrically mounted shaft. A transient analysis was developed and used to predict numerical data for the experimental cases. The three-wave journal bearing ran stably under dynamic loads with orbits well inside the bearing clearance. The orbits were almost circular and nearly free of the influence of, but dynamically dependent on, bearing wave shape...
Keywords: MIR SPACE STATION; ASTRONAUTS; COSMONAUTS; SPACE SHUTTLE MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; SPACECRAFT DOCKING; FIRES; EARTH OBSERVATIONS (FROM SPACE)
|Study of photosynthesis of Chlorella grown under constant conditions - Aleksandrova, I. V., et al|
Statistical analysis of photosynthesis intensity changes of Chlorella grown under constant conditions
Keywords: MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; MEDICAL EQUIPMENT; SICKNESSES; SPACECREWS; STATISTICAL ANALYSIS; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; SPACE LOGISTICS
|Validation of a Flexible Aircraft Take-Off and Landing Analysis (FATOLA) - Carden, H. D.|
Modifications to improve the analytical simulation capabilities of a multi-degree-of-freedom flexible aircraft take-off and landing analysis (FATOLA) computer program are discussed. The FATOLA program was used to simulate the landing behavior of a stiff body X-24B reentry research vehicle and of a flexible body supersonic cruise YF-12A research airplane. The analytical results were compared with flight test data, and correlations of vehicle motions, attitudes, forces, and accelerations during th...
Keywords: APOLLO PROJECT; ASTRONAUTS; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; LAUNCHING PADS; SAFETY MANAGEMENT; LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEMS; PRELAUNCH PROBLEMS; SPACECREWS
|High Energy Flywheel Containment Evaluation - Colozza, Anthony J|
A flywheel testing facility is being constructed at the NASA Glenn Research Center. This facility is to be used for life cycle testing of various flywheel rotors. The lifecycle testing consists of spinning a rotor from a low rpm (approx. 20,000 ) to a high rpm (approx. 60,000) and then back to the low rpm. This spin cycle will model that which the rotor will see during use. To simulate the lifetime of the rotor, the spin cycle will be performed tens of thousands of times...
Keywords: LIFTING BODIES; SPACE STATIONS; VEHICLES; SPACECREWS; REENTRY TRAJECTORIES; COSTS; ORBITAL MANEUVERS; WATER RECLAMATION; ATTITUDE CONTROL
|Apollo monthly progress report, 16 August 15 September 1963 - NON|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: APOLLO PROJECT; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; SPACECREWS; SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
|Extremal factors of long-term space flight and health requirements for spacecraft crews - Buyanov, P. V.|
Medical selection of spacecraft crews for long duration space missions
Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; HEALTH; PERSONNEL SELECTION; SPACE MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; HEALTH; PERSONNEL SELECTION
|COMPLETE AND ISOENZYME CONTENT OF LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE IN PLASMA, LEUKOCYTES AND ERYTHROCYTES IN MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASES - HELBIG, W. A.|
EXAMINATIONS OF THE COMPLETE ACTIVITY OF LDH AND ITS ISOENZYMES IN PLASMA AND IN MYELOID CELLS REVEALED CLEAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HEALTHY PERSONS AND PATIENTS WITH MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASES. EVEN WITHIN THE LATTER GROUP THERE WERE DIFFERENCES WHICH CAN BE USED FOR A DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS. HOWEVER, THE LONG TIME WHICH IS REQUIRED TO ISOLATE THE CELLS, TO REPRESENT THE ISOENZYMES, AND TO EVALUATE THEM WILL CAUSE THIS METHOD TO BE APPLIED ONLY IN SPECIAL LABORATORIES OR FOR SPECIAL CASES.
Keywords: HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; SPACECRAFT CABINS; SPACECRAFT DESIGN; ARCHITECTURE; MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS; SPACECRAFT MODULES; SPACECREWS; SPECIFICATIONS
|Simulation comparison of a decoupled longitudinal control system and a velocity vector control wheel steering system during landings in wind shear - Kimball, G., Jr|
A simulator comparison of the velocity vector control wheel steering (VCWS) system and a decoupled longitudinal control system is presented. The piloting task was to use the electronic attitude direction indicator (EADI) to capture and maintain a 3 degree glide slope in the presence of wind shear and to complete the landing using the perspective runway included on the EADI. The decoupled control system used constant prefilter and feedback gains to provide steady state decoupling of flight path a...
Keywords: APOLLO 7 FLIGHT; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; MANNED SPACECRAFT; APOLLO FLIGHTS; APOLLO PROJECT; SPACECREWS
|Supersonic Quadrupole Noise Theory for High-Speed Helicopter Rotors - Farassat, F.|
High-speed helicopter rotor impulsive noise prediction is an important problem of aeroacoustics. The deterministic quadrupoles have been shown to contribute significantly to high-speed impulsive (HSI) noise of rotors, particularly when the phenomenon of delocalization occurs. At high rotor-tip speeds, some of the quadrupole sources lie outside the sonic circle and move at supersonic speed. Brentner has given a formulation suitable for efficient prediction of quadrupole noise inside the sonic cir...
Keywords: AEROTHERMODYNAMICS; X-38 CREW RETURN VEHICLE; SPACECREWS; COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS; INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; WIND TUNNEL TESTS
|Optimal Substrate Preheating Model for Thermal Spray Deposition of Thermosets Onto Polymer Matrix Composites - Ivosevic, M.|
High velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) sprayed, functionally graded polyimide/WC-Co composite coatings on polymer matrix composites (PMC's) are being investigated for applications in turbine engine technologies. This requires that the polyimide, used as the matrix material, be fully crosslinked during deposition in order to maximize its engineering properties. The rapid heating and cooling nature of the HVOF spray process and the high heat flux through the coating into the substrate typically do not allo...
Keywords: INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; STUDENTS; RADIO COMMUNICATION; RADIO EQUIPMENT; SPACECREWS; PAYLOADS; ZARYA CONTROL MODULE; COSMONAUTS; ASTRONAUTS; SCHOOLS
|A Photographic Profile Recorder for Airscrews and Wing Models - Kuhl, R.|
This report describes an apparatus enabling measurements of bodies to be made photographically, where other methods would be difficult. It is especially useful in the case of airscrews and wing models. The utility of the machine is shown by a few examples of profile records.
Keywords: MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS; SPACE MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; CONSUMABLES (SPACECRAFT); FARM CROPS; QUALITY; MORALE
|The composing process of technical writers: A preliminary study - Mair, D.|
The assumption that technical writers compose as do other writers is tested. The literature on the composing process, not limited to the pure or applied sciences, was reviewed, yielding three areas of general agreement. The composing process (1) consists of several stages, (2) is reflexive, and (3) may be mastered by means of strategies. Data on the ways technical writers compose were collected, and findings were related to the three areas of agreement...
Keywords: ASTRONAUTS; FITNESS; HEALTH; PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS; SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 1 FLIGHT; SPACECREWS; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; BIOASTRONAUTICS; BIOMEDICAL DATA
|Cationic vinyl pyridine copolymers and products thereof - NON|
Quaternized, cross-linked, insoluble copolymers of unsubstituted and substituted vinyl pyridines and a dihalo organic compound are spontaneously formed at ambient temperature on mixing the two monomers in bulk, in solution or in suspension. The amount of cross-linking may be varied according to the composition and reaction conditions. The polymer product exhibits ion exchange capacity and undergoes a reversible color change from black at a pH above 7 to yellow at a pH below 7...
Keywords: HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; EXTRATERRESTRIAL RADIATION; HUMAN PERFORMANCE; RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; HABITABILITY; SPACE FLIGHT STRESS; SPACECREWS; NASA PROGRAMS; MAINTENANCE
|The Orbits of Meteorites from Natural Thermoluminescence - Benoit, P. H.|
The natural thermoluminescence (TL) of meteorites reflects their irradiation and thermal histories. Virtually all ordinary chondrites have been irradiated long enough to reach saturation natural TL levels, and thus natural TL levels in these meteorites are determined largely by thermal history. The primary heat source for most meteorites is the Sun, and thus natural TL levels are determined primarily by the closest approach to the Sun, i.e., perihelion...
Keywords: TRAINING DEVICES; SENSORIMOTOR PERFORMANCE; MOTION SICKNESS; MICROGRAVITY; ASTRONAUT PERFORMANCE; EYE MOVEMENTS; SPACE FLIGHT; ADAPTATION; SPACECREWS; SENSORY STIMULATION
|Electro-optical detector for use in a wide mass range mass spectrometer - NON|
An electro-optical detector is disclosed for use in a wide mass range mass spectrometer (MS), in the latter the focal plane is at or very near the exit end of the magnetic analyzer, so that a strong magnetic field of the order of 1000G or more is present at the focal plane location. The novel detector includes a microchannel electron multiplier array (MCA) which is positioned at the focal plane to convert ion beams which are focused by the MS at the focal plane into corresponding electron beams ...
Keywords: ASTRONAUT TRAINING; AUTONOMY; EDUCATION; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; GENERAL OVERVIEWS; SPACE SHUTTLE MISSIONS; FLIGHT CONTROL; FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS; RISK; SPACECREWS
|OPEX propagation measurements and studies - Arbesser-Rastburg, Bertra|
With the launch of the telecommunications Olympus satellite a new area began for the Olympus Propagation Experiments (OPEX) group. The years of preparations are now paying off - the experiments are underway and the co-operative effort is now turning its attention to the processing and analysis of data and to the interpretation of results. The aim here is to give a short review of the accomplishments made since NAPEX 13 and the work planned for the future...
Keywords: EXTRATERRESTRIAL RADIATION; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; RADIOLOGY; X RAY IRRADIATION; HEALTH; RADIATION DOSAGE; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIATION PROTECTION; SPACE STATIONS; SPACECREWS; CANCER; MORTALITY
|Materials testing in a vacuum environment - Nelson, H. G|
Equipment requirements for materials testing in vacuum environment
Keywords: BIOSYNTHESIS; HYDROGENOMONAS; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; SUGARS; LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; REGENERATION (PHYSIOLOGY); SPACE FLIGHT FEEDING; SPACECREWS; BACTERIA; BIOASTRONAUTICS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; GLYCEROLS
|OPERATIONS - FLIGHT CREW REQUIREMENTS - Day, R. E|
Flight simulation in crew training - manned space flight
Keywords: DAYTIME; SPACECREW; TRAINING; EDUCATION; FLIGHT CREWS; FLIGHT SIMULATION; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; MERCURY PROJECT; SPACECREWS; FLIGHT SIMULATION; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT
|Constraint-based Temporal Reasoning with Preferences - Khatib, Lina|
Often we need to work in scenarios where events happen over time and preferences are associated to event distances and durations. Soft temporal constraints allow one to describe in a natural way problems arising in such scenarios. In general, solving soft temporal problems require exponential time in the worst case, but there are interesting subclasses of problems which are polynomially solvable. In this paper we identify one of such subclasses giving tractability results...
Keywords: HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; PROTOTYPES; SYSTEMS INTEGRATION; LUNAR EXPLORATION; AEROSPACE SYSTEMS; NASA SPACE PROGRAMS; HUMAN PERFORMANCE; SPACECREWS; INDUSTRIES; LUNAR COMMUNICATION
|Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) Propulsion Technology Workshop. Volume 1: Executive summary - Chojnacki, Kent T|
The goal of the Rocket-Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) Propulsion Technology Workshop was to assess the RBCC propulsion system's viability for Earth-to-Orbit (ETO) transportation systems. This was accomplished by creating a forum (workshop) in which past work in the field of RBCC propulsion systems was reviewed, current technology status was evaluated, and future technology programs in the field of RBCC propulsion systems were postulated, discussed, and recommended.
Keywords: AIR FILTERS; SPACE MISSIONS; SPACE STATION FREEDOM; VACUUM; WASTE TREATMENT; AIR PURIFICATION; BACTERIA; SANITATION; SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS; SPACECREWS; HEALTH; LOGISTICS; MICROGRAVITY
|The EURECA telecommanding chain: Experience with packet telecommand and telemetry systems - Mueller, C.|
The European Retrieval Carrier (EURECA) was launched on its first flight on the 31st July 1992 by the Space Shuttle Atlantis. EURECA is characterized by several new on-board features, most notable Packet Telemetry and a partial implementation of Packet Telecommanding using an early version of the Command Operation Procedure (COP-1) protocol. EURECA has also very low contact time with its Ground Station, with a consequent high number of out-of-visibility onboard operations...
Keywords: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE; COLUMBUS SPACE STATION; MAN TENDED FREE FLYERS; MISSION PLANNING; SPACE MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; CONSTRAINTS; GROUND BASED CONTROL; SPACECRAFT LAUNCHING
|Trends in liability affecting technical writers - Driskill, L. P|
Liability of technical writers for defective products is explored. Documents generated during a product's life cycle (including design memos, design tests, clinical trials, trial use reports, letters, and proposals) become relevant because they are likely to become the only available means of showing that the product was not defectively designed. These documents become the evidence that the product underwent balanced and well considered planning, development, testing, quality control, and field ...
Keywords: ASTRONAUTS; HEMATOCRIT RATIO; HEMODYNAMICS; BLOOD VOLUME; HEMATOLOGY; IMMUNOLOGY; SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 1 FLIGHT; SPACECREWS; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; BIOASTRONAUTICS; ERYTHROCYTES
|Superconducting ceramics in the Bi1.5SrCaCu2O sub x system by melt quenching technique - Bansal, Narottam P.|
Bi sub 1.5 SrCaCu sub 2 O sub x has been prepared in the glassy state by rapid quenching of the melt. The kinetics of crystallization of various phases in the glass have been evaluated by a variable heating rate differential scanning calorimetry method. The formation various phases on thermal treatments of the glass has been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction and electrical resistivity measurements...
Keywords: EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; TOOLS; FAILURE MODES; SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITERS; SPACE SUITS; SPACECRAFT RELIABILITY; SPACECREWS; AEROSPACE SAFETY; ASSESSMENTS; TETHERLINES
|The problem of prolonged, autonomous human existence in a space suit - Genin, A. M.|
Feasibility of controlling cosmonaut thermal balance in space suit by physiological perspiration
Keywords: AUTONOMY; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; SPACE SUIT; SWEAT COOLING; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; BALANCE; COSMONAUTS; PERSPIRATION; PHYSIOLOGY; SPACE SUITS; SPACECREWS; SWEAT COOLING; TEMPERATURE CONTROL
|Mariner Venus-Mercury 1973 project - NON|
Mariner Venus-Mercury 1973 space probe power system modifications
Keywords: COMMAND SERVICE MODULES; HANDBOOKS; LUNAR ORBITS; SPACECRAFT GUIDANCE; TRANSLUNAR INJECTION; ASTRONAUT TRAINING; PARKING ORBITS; SPACE FLIGHT TRAINING; SPACECREWS
|Simulation test report for the S-IVB orbital workshop crew quarters floor and wall grids - NON|
Simulated astronaut translational motion across Saturn S-4B stage orbital workshop crew quarters floor and wall grid configurations
Keywords: ASTRONAUT LOCOMOTION; GRIDS; ORBITAL WORKERS; SATURN S-4B STAGE; WEIGHTLESSNESS SIMULATION; PRESSURE SUITS; SPACECRAFT CABIN SIMULATORS; SPACECREWS; TRANSLATIONAL MOTION
|Project Apollo - Spacecraft development statement of work, phase A - NON|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: ABORTED MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; APOLLO PROJECT; HUMAN PERFORMANCE; SPACE SUITS; SYSTEM FAILURES; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; LUNAR MODULE; MISSION PLANNING; OPERATIONS RESEARCH
|Apollo/Saturn 5 postflight trajectory: AS-506 - NON|
This document presents the postflight trajectory for the Apollo/Saturn 5 AS-506 flight. Included is an analysis of the orbital and powered flight trajectories of the launch vehicle, the free flight trajectories of the expended S-1C and S-2 stages, and the slingshot trajectory of the S-4B/1U. Trajectory dependent parameters are provided in earth-fixed launch site, launch vehicle navigation, and geographic polar coordinate systems...
Keywords: AEROTHERMODYNAMICS; SPACECRAFT MODULES; SPACECREWS; DESIGN ANALYSIS; ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS; LUNAR EFFECTS; LUNAR MODULE; THERMAL PROTECTION; WEIGHT ANALYSIS; LUNAR EXPLORATION; SENSITIVITY
|Waste management in a lunar base. Task 5: Summary report. A top-level system integration - Sadeh, Willy Z.|
Long term human habitation in space requires an autonomous life support system. An Engineered Closed Ecosystem (ECES) can provide autonomy through integration of the human module with the support plant and animal modules and a waste management system (WMS). The role of the WMS is to treat metabolic wastes (or output metabolic elements) for reuse. Achievement of the integration depends upon combining physical/chemical and biological subsystem into an engineered bioregenerative system...
Keywords: ARCHITECTURE; SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS; ASTRONAUT PERFORMANCE; INTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS; PRODUCTIVITY; SPACECREWS; EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; SPACE STATIONS
|Analysis of 6.4 KEV Moessbauer Spectra Obtained with MIMOS II on MER on Cobbles at Meridiani Planum, Mars and Considerations on Penetration Depths - Fleischer, I.|
The miniaturized Moessbauer (MB) spectrometers MIMOS II  on board of the two Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity have obtained more than 600 spectra of more than 300 different rock and soil targets [2-7]. Both instruments have simultaneously collected 6.4 keV X-ray and 14.4 keV .-ray spectra in backscattering geometry . With Spirit's MB spectrometer, 6.4 keV and 14.4 keV spectra have been obtained for all targets through sol 461...
Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; IMMUNE SYSTEMS; SPACECREWS; SPACE FLIGHT; IN-FLIGHT MONITORING; STRESS (PHYSIOLOGY); SPACE FLIGHT STRESS; PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES
|The rotating, charged or gravitating liquid drop, and problems in nuclear physics and astronomy - Swiatecki, W. J|
No Abstract Available
Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; SPACE FLIGHT FEEDING; HEALTH; SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM 3 FLIGHT; SPACECREWS; BIOCHEMISTRY; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS; MOTION SICKNESS; NUTRITION
|EOLE BALLOON PROJECT. REPORT ON TESTS OF PROTOTYPE EQUIPMENT: DESTRUCTOR - BOULOUMIE, J. P|
THE TEST RESULTS OF THE OPERATIONAL DESTRUCTOR CONSISTING OF AN ELECTRIC CABLE DETONATOR FOR DESTROYING A VALVE IN BALLOON GAS BAGS ARE REPORTED. THE SPECIFICATIONS, THE RESULTS OF PERFORMANCE CHECKS, COMPATIBILITY TESTS, AND CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS ARE PRESENTED. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE DESTRUCTION ASSEMBLY IS SUITABLE FOR DIFFERENT CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, AND ALLOWS RIGOROUS CONTROL OF OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS.
Keywords: LONG TERM EFFECTS; MANNED SPACE FLIGHT; SPACECREWS; VISUAL ACUITY; VISUAL PERCEPTION; AEROSPACE MEDICINE; GEMINI 5 FLIGHT; GEMINI 7 FLIGHT; VISUAL DISCRIMINATION
|Solutions Network Formulation Report. Integration of OMI and TES Aerosol Products into the EPA Regional Planning Organizations' FASTNET Aerosol Tracking and Analysis Tool - Knowlton, Kelly|
Every year, more than 280 million visitors tour our Nation s most treasured parks and wilderness areas. Unfortunately, many visitors are unable to see the spectacular vistas they expect because of white or brown haze in the air. Most of this haze is not natural; it is air pollution, carried by the wind often hundreds of miles from its origin. Some of the pollutants have been linked to serious health problems, such as asthma and other lung disorders, and even premature death...
Keywords: LEADERSHIP; ANALOGS; MARS BASES; PRODUCTIVITY; MARS (PLANET); LONG DURATION SPACE FLIGHT; EXTRATERRESTRIAL ENVIRONMENTS; MANAGEMENT METHODS; MARS MISSIONS; SPACECREWS; PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT; MORALE; DECISION MAKING; SPACE PSYCHOLOGY; SPACE HABITATS
|On the Instability of Methods for the Integration of Ordinary Differential Equations - Rutishauser, Hein|
Examples and a criterion for stability of integration methods is provided. The criterion is applied to well-known integration formulas.
Keywords: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; TRANSFUSION; SPACECREWS; FLIGHT SURGEONS; TELEMEDICINE; SPACE STATION FREEDOM; CLINICAL MEDICINE; EDUCATION; CONFERENCES; ASSURED CREW RETURN VEHICLE; NUTRITION; ORTHOPEDICS; X RAYS
|Agent-Based Chemical Plume Tracing Using Fluid Dynamics - Zarzhitsky, Dimitri|
This paper presents a rigorous evaluation of a novel, distributed chemical plume tracing algorithm. The algorithm is a combination of the best aspects of the two most popular predecessors for this task. Furthermore, it is based on solid, formal principles from the field of fluid mechanics. The algorithm is applied by a network of mobile sensing agents (e.g., robots or micro-air vehicles) that sense the ambient fluid velocity and chemical concentration, and calculate derivatives...
Keywords: AVIONICS; REAL TIME OPERATION; SPACECREWS; MODULARITY; FAILURE; AEROSPACE VEHICLES; SYSTEMS INTEGRATION; ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE; AEROSPACE ENGINEERING; SYSTEMS HEALTH MONITORING; COST REDUCTION; SYSTEM FAILURES; HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE; MISSION PLANNING